The Case Against
Man Being Intended

The Eloquent Words of Neil deGrasse Tyson
very bight star in universeDoes the universe have a purpose? I’m not sure, but anyone that expresses a more definitive response to the question is claiming access to knowledge not based in empirical foundation. This remarkably persistent way of thinking common to most religions and some branches of philosophy has failed badly in past efforts to understand and thereby predict the operation of the universe and our place in it.
WWWTo assert that the universe has a purpose implies a desired outcome, but who would do the desiring, and what would a desired outcome be—that carbon based life is inevitable or that sentient primates are life’s neurological pinnacles? Of course humans were not around for 99.9999% of cosmic history. So if the purpose of the universe was to create humans, then the cosmos was embarrassingly inefficient about it; and if the further purpose of the universe was to create a fertile cradle for life, then our cosmic environment has an odd way of showing it—life on Earth during more than 3½ billion years of existence has been persistently assaulted by natural sources of mayhem, death and destruction.                                WW W
asteroid headed toward earthWWW
Ecological devastation exacted by volcanoes, climate change, earthquakes, tsunamis, storms and especially killer asteroids have left extinct 99.9% of all species that have ever lived here. How about human life itself? If you’re religious, you might declare that the purpose of life is to serve god; but if you’re one of the hundred billion bacteria living and working in a single centimeter of your lower intestine, you might instead say that the purpose of human life is to provide you with a dark but idyllic anaerobic habitat of fecal matter.
WWWSo in the absence of human hubris, the universe looks more and more random. Whenever events are purported to occur in our best interest, are as numerous as other events that would just as soon kill us—that intent is hard if not impossible to assert. So while I cannot claim to know for sure whether or not the universe has a purpose, the case against it is strong and visible to anyone who sees the universe as it is rather than as they wish it to be.
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Mark Twain Reflects                                                     
Man has been here 32,000 years. That it took a hundred million years to prepare the world for him is proof that that is what it was done for. I suppose it is. I dunno. If the Eiffel tower were now representing the world’s age, the skin of paint on the pinnacle-knob at its summit would represent man’s share of that age; and anybody would perceive that that skin was what the tower was built for. I reckon they would. I dunno.
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Bertrand Russell
[W]e suppose that there are scattered through space some hundred thousands other planets on which life exists, it must be admitted that living matter makes rather a poor show if considered as the purpose of the whole creation.  From a cosmic point of view, life is a very unimportant phenomenon.
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From My Book                                                                           
book cover: Fostering Cooperation by Joe ArrigoOn a planet that is 4.6 billion years old, of the hundreds of millions of species that evolved on it for over 3½ billion years; primitive humans made their debut in the last minuscule fraction of 1% of that time. To get a visual perspective of that time-line, if the Earth’s age was represented by a mile, the amount of time humans have inhabited it would represent about ¼ of an inch. Since that is an astoundingly inefficient and tortured time-line to arrive at man, it begs reason to conclude that the intent of a 13.7 billion year old universe, in an ordinary galaxy among half a trillion galaxies, itself comprised of billions of stars with at least 500 million planets that are candidates for supporting life; was designed and created solely for the purpose of one tiny subgroup of one species on one tiny planet residing at the edge of its galaxy. Rather it strongly intimates a random event than purposeful—13.4 billion years after the birth of the universe.
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